10 Days Tour Casablanca Essaouira, visit morocco imperial cities and desert from Casablanca, enjoy the night in Merzouga desert in camping huts in the desert, and enjoy seeing the wonderful stars.
10 Days Tour Casablanca Essaouira
Day 1: Casablanca Med V Airport
Transfer to the center of Casablanca (Hotel). Upon arrival in Casablanca, the largest city in the country, you will be received and transferred to your hotel (depending on your arrival time). Then you will go on a visit to the Great Mosque of Hassan II where you will find a fascinating example of the Moroccan architecture. It is the largest mosque in the kingdom, and worldwide it is the fifth. It is located on a promontory overlooking the Atlantic, and has room for 25,000 worshipers. More than 80,000 can be accommodated in adjoining lands of the mosque for a total of 105,000 faithful present at a given time in the Hassan II mosque. Its minaret is the highest in the world, with 210m.
Day 2: Casablanca – Rabat – Fez
Leaving Casablanca the economic capital of Morocco, towards the political capital Rabat where we will see the Oudaya Kasbah and its beautiful gardens, this Kasbah of the Oudaya is located on the river Abou Regreg. It was built during the reign of the Almohad dynasty in 1150 AD. The Mausoleum of Mohamed V and Hassan II and Hassan Tower, which is the minaret of an incomplete mosque in Rabat built in 1195 AD. The tower was destined to be the largest minaret in the world, with the mosque. After finishing our sightseeing tour in Rabat we headed to Fez on the fast track. On the way you will get fascinated by the thousands and thousands of olive trees and fields of cultivation in the two banks. Arrival in Fez, check in at the hotel to spend the night.
Day 3: Fez Medina (City with a local guide)
After visiting the economic capital Casablanca and Rabat politics, here we go to another adventure through the intellectual capital of Fez, which was considered the Mecca of the West and Athena of Africa. It is the largest city in the country after Casablanca with a population of approximately 1 million. This city is an ancient capital and one of the four imperial cities of the country. Fez is made up of three distinct parts, Fez el Bali, which is the oldest part surrounded by a large wall, where there are more than 9,000 narrow streets and allies. Fez-Jdid or the new Fez, home of the Mellah Jewish Quarter and the Ville Nouvelle the newer section of Fez created during the French occupation. Fez el Bali is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Your medina is the largest in the world. Between its narrow streets and its allies is the oldest university in the world; It is the University of Al-Karaouine, founded in the year 859. It continues to this day.
Day 4: Fez – Moulay Driss – Volubilis – Meknes
On the way to Meknes we will go back to precisely the 3rd century visiting the most important archaeological site of Morocco Volubilis, which has the Roman ruins, best preserved in this part of North Africa. So it is not by chance this Romanian ruins were cataloged in 1997 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. A 45 minute guided tour is scheduled here. From volubilis we are on our way to Meknés, which is named after a Berber tribe known as Miknasa in the medieval fountains of North Africa. Meknes was the capital of Morocco under the reign of Moulay Ismail (1672-1727). Built in the artfully designed barns, it is a fascinating architecture of small windows, massive walls where it is used to store grain and hay to feed its 15,000 horses, they are not food for humans. We will also stop to get images of the Bab Al Mansour the great gate built in the 11th century by King Al Mansour Adahbi.
Day 5: Meknes – Midelt – Ziz Valley – Erfoud – Merzouga (Hotel in Dune Line)
This is a driving day, where we will find different colors of the kingdom leaving the old Moroccan city of Meknes. On the way we will pass through the most modern and clean city in Ifran country. This Berber name of Ifran means caves and is nicknamed in Morocco as a bit of Switzerland, since it is a very green city and is a ski resort in the Middle Atlas region of Morocco, due to its high altitude at 1665 meters. Ifran is also well known for The Private University Brotherhood, established in 1997 by the King of Morocco Hassan II and the King of Saudi Arabia Fahd. Where all classes are taught in English, it is an international university. Lunch will be scheduled in a Berber village called Midelt which is located in the foothills of the eastern part of the High Atlas Mountains. From the vast plateau we began to cross those difficult mountains that are still settled by a large Berber community. The landscapes here include oasis of palm trees in Jbel Ayachi (at 3747 m) before driving around the curves and joining the pre-Saharan zone passing first through Errachidia and Erfoud, which is famous for its pottery and interesting fossil quarries. Fossils are an important industry in Erfoud, about 350 million years ago, the region around Erfoud was a part of the huge ocean. In front of the red sand dunes of Erg Chebbi sea in Merzouga via Rissani, the hometown of the Alaouist dynasty, where Moulay Ali sheriff began to unify Morocco under his red flag at the beginning of the 17th century. From a vast plateau You will get impressed by the huge sand dune of Merzouga that appear on the horizon. Night and dinner at the hotel.
Day 6: Merzouga – Erg Chebbi (Sahara Desert 4 × 4 Exploration and Camel Trek for sunset)
Along the sand dunes we are going to take a walk in these fabulous landscapes on the edge of the Erg Chebbi, the great sand dunes in Morocco. We’re going to see a lot of nomadic black tents in the middle of nowhere. We will go through a nomadic family to have tea and see what life looks like. We will continue our journey, and then we will discover the nomadic life of the Tuaregs visiting Alkhamliya, a town in which nothing has changed over the centuries. We will have lunch here in the village Alkhamliya or return to our hotel and have lunch there. After lunch, we will go on a camel ride to meet one of the most fascinating sights we will ever see, the magnificent sunset in the middle of the high dunes of Merzouga. Tonight we stay in Berber tents, camping huts in the desert, and enjoy seeing the wonderful stars.
Day 7: Merzouga – Rissani – Todgha Gorges
We will visit Errisani and the mausoleum of the founder of the Alaouite dynasty of Morocco, Moulay Ali Chrif in the 17th century. This silent city was the ancient capital of the Tafilalet and its location as a crossroads between the north and south of the city led to be an important center of the caravans. So far Rissani is still an important commercial center in the region, with a large souk, lively on the days of Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday. It stands out for its trade leather and goat skin in ancient times. 127 km from Errisani the great canyons of Morocco Todgha Gorges are situated beyond the high central Atlas Mountains. Here, contrasting landscapes remind visitors of the Colorado, with its high plateau, its gorges and canyons, and its peaks sometimes divided by erosion. Several peaks in this area surpass 4,000 m, with Jbel Saghro 2,500 m and Jbel Mgoun at 4068 m is the highest peak of this part of the High Atlas. The area is populated by Berbers. There you can enjoy a walk among the fabulous canyons.
Day 8: Todgha Gorges – Dades Valley – Ouarzazat
From the great guns of Todgha we go on the road of 1000 kasbahs, where there are huge kasbahs on both sides of the road. Some of those old fortified houses are restored, but unfortunately many of them are ruins. A visit to one of those kasbahs is scheduled to see Amrhidil Kasbah. Then we will go through a village called Boumalen located on the edge of Dades valley that rises in the High Atlas Mountains, giving life to a huge Berber community for its rich agriculture. Along this valley there is another valley called valley of roses that appear with the green colors of their alfalfa plants, olive trees, fig trees and grapes. This valley gives light to a rose from which the locals produce different cosmetic products such as soaps, perfumes and skin creams. The national roses festival is held there in April. After arriving at Ouarzazate (Hollywood of Africa, the city without making noise, the door of the desert), is a city located in the center of a plateau nude, south of the High Atlas Mountains. It is inhabited mainly by the Berbers, who built many of the prominent kasbahs and buildings by which the area is known. One of the building is Taourirt Kasbah diverted in the 17th century. Why is this city nicknamed as Hollywood of Africa? Simply because it has been designated as a place for shooting decisions, with the largest studios in Morocco inviting many international film companies to shoot their films such as Lawrence of Arabia (1962), The Living Daylights (1987), The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), The Mummy (1999), Gladiator (2000), Kingdom of Heaven (2005), Martin Scorsese Kundun (1997) and Babel (2005).
Day 9: Ouarzazate – Ait Benahddou – Taroudant
35 km from Ouarzazate find the fortified city of Aït Ben Haddou built in the 11th century. Prior to this Kasbah was the old caravan route between the Sahara and Marrakech. It is situated on a hill next to the Ounila River and has some beautiful examples of kasbahs, which unfortunately suffered damage during each storm and windstorm. The majority of the inhabitants of the municipality now live in a more modern village on the other side of the river; However, around five families still live within this Kasbah. Aït Ben Haddou was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1987 and several films have been filmed there, including Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Time Bandits (1981), The Jewel of the Nile (1985), Kundun (1997), Gladiator (2000) and Alexander (2004). From this beautiful fortified house we headed south west of the town of Taroudant. It is called the “Grandmother of Marrakech” because it resembles Marrakech, with its surrounding walls. The walls of the city are almost 6 kilometers long. It has the feeling of a small commercial city fortified in some route of the caravans. It is also known for its local crafts such as jewelry and carpets. Taroudant contains almost the entire city within its walls. However, a new area is being developed outside the city walls. Under the Saadi Taroudant dynasty it knew its golden age, especially under the reign of Mohammed ash-Sheikh, who built the city walls and built the great mosque and its beautiful minaret in 1528. The city became the capital of the Saadians . Taroudant has rich plain and farms of grapes, corn, grain and oranges etc. Today the city is a remarkable commercial city, it has a souk near each of its two main squares, Talmoklate. Not so far from the Talmaklate square, is the Arab souk specializes in craft products such as ceramics, leather, carpets, rugs and jewelry.
Day 10: Taroudant – Agadir – Essaouira
Nearly 70 km from Taroudant is the city of Agadir. It is the capital of the Berbers, as it is the largest Berber city in the whole kingdom. Agadir is a very modern city that is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, near the foot of the Atlas Mountains. It has the most important fishing and the commercial port of Morocco and is considered as the first port of sardines in the world, (exportation of cobalt, manganese, zinc and citrus). It is also a coastal town with a long sandy beach, and that due to its large buildings, wide roads, modern hotels and European-style cafes, Agadir is not a typical Moroccan traditional city, but it is a modern, busy and dynamic city and very famous for its sea food. Along the ocean we drive for almost 200 km towards Essaouira. In the Atlantic Ocean there is a wave town, with its houses painted white and its blue doors with their windows, a well designed image. Since the sixteenth century, Essaouira has also been known by its Portuguese name of Mogador. The Berber name means the wall, a reference to the walls of the fortress that originally surrounded the city.